When we were in the sun and laughing at the fancy door opening after the snowstorm in Northeast China, we certainly didn't expect the winter in Sichuan to come so unexpectedly. The temperature was as low as 3-4 ℃ in the morning and evening.
Sudden cooling, very easy to cause a cold, here to remind everyone that cold is a small problem, but must not buy medicine to deal with! The top ten public drugs in 2020 issued by the State Food and Drug Administration reminds us that we should be cautious in cold medication, otherwise a series of side effects will easily occur. Today, we're going to share with you the precautions of cold medication.
- Choose the right medicine for a cold, and the medicine is effective
In order to reduce symptoms, shorten the course of disease and recover as soon as possible, some symptomatic drugs can be selected during the cold.
Such as headache, dizziness, muscle soreness, antipyretic analgesics: acetaminophen, ibuprofen, etc. If the nasal congestion is serious, the nasal mucosa vasoconstrictor drugs: pseudoephedrine or 1% ephedrine solution can be used for nasal drip, and the anti allergic drugs such as chlorphenamine (chlorphenamine) and diphenhydramine can be used to clear the nose.
- Use the medicine according to the stage of cold
Patients with mild cold do not need to use antibiotics. Antibiotics can only be used in secondary bacterial infections such as expectoration, runny nose and leukocytosis.
However, in order to quickly relieve symptoms, patients may choose to use two or more drugs, especially the combination of Chinese and Western medicine. It is necessary to pay attention to check the drug composition to avoid the side effects caused by excessive drug use.
For example, acetaminophen has a strong antipyretic and analgesic effect, and is widely used in many compound cold medicines. The common ones are: phenamine (paracetamol, pseudoephedrine hydrochloride, Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide, chlorphenamine), compound paracetamol and amantadine (paracetamol, amantadine hydrochloride, artificial bezoar, caffeine, chlorphenamine maleate), and paracetamol (p-ethyl) Aminophenol, caffeine, chlorphenamine maleate, artificial bezoar, etc. Acetaminophen should not exceed 2G per day. Excessive use of acetaminophen can cause serious liver injury, and should be strictly followed by the doctor's advice.
- Special groups of drug use taboo!
Compound cold medicine contains anti allergic ingredients, such as chlorphenamine and diphenhydramine, which cause drowsiness after taking these drugs.
All personnel engaged in driving, mechanical operation and high-altitude operation should be used with caution. Compound cold medicine contains pseudoephedrine, which is not recommended for the following patients: diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, prostatic hypertrophy, hyperthyroidism, angle closure glaucoma, pregnant women and lactating women.
OK ~ the above is the whole content of cold medication precautions. Although cold medication seems to be a small problem, there are a lot of places to pay attention to. The right medicine is responsible for our health and safety.
Sannuo bio warm tips: if the cold symptoms are severe and no improvement after short-term symptomatic treatment, it is recommended to seek medical treatment in a timely manner or consult doctors, pharmacists and other professionals.